The evaluation of the mechanical behavior of a sample under conditions of tension and compression can be performed to provide basic material property data that is critical for component design and service performance assessment.
Testing can be performed on machined material samples, on full-size products, or scale models of actual components. These tests are typically performed using a universal mechanical testing instrument.
Data from the tensile test are used to determine tensile strength, yield strength, and modulus of elasticity. Measurement of the specimen dimensions after testing also provides reduction of area and elongation values to characterize the ductility of the material. Tensile tests can be performed on many materials, including metals, plastics, fibers, adhesives, and rubbers.
Compression testing is a method for determining the behavior of materials under a compressive load. During the test, the specimen is compressed, and deformation versus the applied load is recorded.
The compression test is used to determine elastic limit, proportional limit, yield point, yield strength, and (for some materials) compressive strength. The universal tester at MEE can perform tension and compression experiments at force ranges from less than 1 N (0.22 lbf) to 10 kN (2248 lbf).
Contact us to discuss which evaluation method is best suited to solve your materials-related problems. Or visit our Handbook of Analytical Methods for Materials (HAMM) for more in-depth explanations and typical applications of the analytical methods used for the characterization and evaluation of materials and products.Save